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HomeUncategorizedKazakhstan passes new reform laws to protect women and children

Kazakhstan passes new reform laws to protect women and children

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Astana – Kazakh President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev issued new laws, the first of their kind in the Commonwealth of Independent States region, that introduce new measures to protect women and children, after the Senate of Kazakhstan approved this legislation on April 11, and the approval of the Lower House of Parliament, where it was developed. Legislation is supervised by the President, by the Commissioner for Children’s Rights, members of Parliament, and government agencies.

These laws significantly strengthen protections for women and children, and has become the first in the Commonwealth of Independent States region to introduce novel measures for the protection of women and children.

The legislation was developed under the direction of President Tokayev, by the Commissioner for Children’s Rights, members of Parliament, and government agencies.

The legislation includes a comprehensive set of measures to create infrastructure that assists families and children and prevents violence and strengthens accountability for all forms of violence against children, including the criminalisation of beatings and causing minor physical harm.

The New legislative measures to protect women, in order to combat male chauvinism embedded in societal consciousness and legal systems.

Also, it aims to address laws that traditionally prioritise men’s interests and overlook women’s vulnerabilities, and to address laws that traditionally prioritise men’s interests and overlook women’s vulnerabilities، which reinstates criminal liability for minor health harm and battery, removed in 2017 and removes reconciliation possibilities in repeated battery cases to minimise domestic violence, and eliminates lesser punishments like restrictions of freedom for moderate and severe health damage, and Criminalises intentional infliction of minor health damage, and also enhanced Accountability for Torture: Sets imprisonment terms from 2 to 3 years.

 The preventative Nature of Law allows criminal prosecution of intentional minor health damage and battery irrespective of victim’s complaint, emphasising inevitable punishment، also Includes increased penalties for crimes against minors, enhanced crime prevention, and psychological and educational support to foster a safe environment.

In the same time, the new legislative measures for child protection emphasises the well-being and safety of children as crucial for the future of society and

increases penalties for violence against women and children, and strengthens the institution of the family and safety of minors.

Mandatory Reporting by Educational Organisations: Requires schools to report any unlawful acts committed by or against minors to law enforcement immediately, and Protection in Public Transport addresses the issue of minors under 16 being expelled from public transport, now punishable by a fine of 18,460 tenge ($41).

The New legislative measures to strengthen the family institution and expands the development of the Child Rights Commissioner’s institution, and establishment of Contact Centre for Family Matters, Support for Families Facing Domestic Violence, with new Principles in Marital and Family Legislation and emphasises providing moral and spiritual education to children, fostering respect for universal, national, traditional, cultural, and family values in accordance with the Constitution and laws.

The legislation to combat domestic violence in Kazakhstan represents a robust and comprehensive response, aligned with President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev’s directives from his state-of-the-nation address in September 2023.

It emphasises tougher responsibilities for domestic abuse and aims to protect fundamental rights, which President Tokayev highlighted as a key priority of state policy.

President Tokayev, in his remarks at the third meeting of the National Kurultay (Congress) in March this year, explicitly identified domestic violence as a social evil that requires uncompromising action, reflecting the government’s commitment to addressing this critical issue through legislative action.

Implementation of the “Law and Order” Principle: President Tokayev aims to establish the rule of law and form a just society, with all issues resolved within the legal framework, as a central part of his electoral program.

Implementation of Tokayev’s Formula “Strong President – Influential Parliament – Accountable Government”: Legislation passed by Parliament, endorsed by the Prime Minister, showcases an increased role of the legislative body in tackling major social issues, reflecting a collaborative effort between Parliament and Government to strengthen the political system. Kazakhstan actively participates in the joint UN and European Union project aimed at eradicating sexual violence and harmful practices against women and girls in Central Asia and Afghanistan.

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